- Published on Wednesday, 02 September 2009 18:54
- Written by Stuart Hoggard
Requirements of Restricting Excessive Packaging for Food and Cosmetics
Extent: 96 pp
Format: Pdf only
On 5 July 2008 China issued a new draft Ordinance and technical requirements governing the size, volume and material used in a move to radically reduce excessive packaging.
This report is an analysis of the new mandatory regulations which sets the technical standards and controls for packaging and details specifications covering packaging layers and porosity.
According to the report’s author, Stuart Hoggard, “These new standards will be mandatory for all packaging produced in China, and are not unexpected, since the Standardisation Committee was instructed to formulate restrictions on excessive packaging as part of China’s Packaging Recycling Master Plan.”
What are the restrictions?
According to the Restrictions on Excessive Food and Cosmetic Packaging all packaging should first consider the features and quality of the product, the function of the package which will then govern the choice of appropriate packaging materials.
- The free-space or void space (porosity) between the product and the outer packaging layer be not more than 55%
- Packaging layers, excluding the initial packaging, may not be more than three layers.
- The cost of the product packaging must not exceed 15 percent of the sales price
- Non compliance can be punishable by a fine of up to ¥50,000 (approx. US$ 7,325)
Package producers and designers must consider a Life Cycle Assessment when choosing both materials and processes used
Aimed at package reduction, the regulation contains very specific instructions the number of primary and secondary packaging layers permitted and includes formulae for the calculation of the allowable amount of empty space enclosing the product (porosity) in a range of product types such as food, cosmetics, tea and certain beverages.
Additionally, the regulation contains a cost-factor the total packaging cost should not exceed 12 per cent of the cost of the product.
Who will be affected?
These standards will have an immediate impact on the entire packaging supply chain:
Retailers producing house brands will all have to comply.
- Importers of Packaged Product into China
Foreign companies selling food, beverages or cosmetics in the China market will also have to follow these rules, even if the bulk of their production is being shipped overseas, since the rules are applicable ‘within the borders of the People’s Republic of China’ .
These new standards are Ordinances which have the 'force of law', they are mandated by Packaging Recycling Master Plan and The Circular Economy Law published in August 2008 (effective 1 January 2009) and establish the technical parameters and definitions of ‘excessive packaging’.
It contains a prohibition on Excessive Packaging and details specific penalties for infringement including, confiscation of products, fines of up to five times the value of the products and in the case of repeat offenders, the business license can also be revoked and criminal proceedings instituted.
What do I get?
The PackWebasia.com report “China’s Restriction on Excessive Packaging” contains
- Expert analysis
- Commentary on the full text of the regulations
- Formula for calculating Excessive Packaging free-space
- Formula for calculating Excessive Packaging cost/price ratio
- FULL text of the Ordinance in English and Chinese
- Full text of the mandatory Standards in English & Chnese
Table of Contents
|TRADE RESTRICTIONS REGULATIONS ON OVER-PACKAGING|
How is the legislation structured?
About China’s Packaging Industry
Where did The Ordinance Originate?
The Packaging Master Plan
Clean Production Law: 29 June 2002
Clean Production Law: Article 20: Package Design
Solid Waste Law: 18 September 2003
Solid Waste Law: Article 17 Package Recycling
Circular Economy Law: 28 August 2008
Circular Economy Law: Article 19 Equipment, Product & Package Design
Implementing The Master Plan
Master Plan: Article 2 - Definitions
Master Plan: Article 9: Obligations & Rights Of The Public
Master Plan: Article 15: Stakeholder Responsibilities
Master Plan: Article 17: Requirements For Packaging Design
Force of Law
What is AQSIQ?
Principal Functions Relative to Packaging
Other Organsations with a Role in The Ordinance
National Development and Reform Commission
China Packaging Federation
Why is this regulation considered necessary?
Gift Giving Culture
Moon Cake Madness
Moon Cake Restrictions
1. Trade Restriction Regulations on Over-Packaging
About this document
The Excess Packaging Ordinance
What is it?
Why is it so imprecise?
1. Package Reduction
2. Packaging Cost
A Blunt Instrument
2. Requirements of Restricting Excessive Packaging for Foods & Cosmetics
What is it?
Analysis; TRADE RESTRICTIONS REGULATIONS ON OVER-PACKAGING
Summary: Key Provisions
Packaging Layers and Free Space
Product Specific Restrictions
Cosmetics, Alcohol, Cereals
Table 1 : Restrictive Index
Conclusion: Inter-space ratio calculation
Method for Calculating Layers
Conclusion on inter-space & layer Restrictions
Packaging Cost Calculation
Excessive Packaging Costs
|English Text: TRADE RESTRICTIONS REGULATIONS ON OVER-PACKAGING
Chapter I General Provisions
Article 1: Purpose
Article 2: Application
Article 3: Function
Article 4: Authority
Article 5: Exortation
Article 6: Mission
Article 7: Responsibility
Chapter II Requirements of the limitations on excessive packaging
Article 9: Appropriate Packaging
Article 10: Material Use
Article 11: Structural Requirements
Article 12: Recycling
Chapter III Commodity producers and sellers obligations
Chapter IV Supervision and Administration
Chapter V Determination of over-packaging
Article 29: Labelling
Article 30: Qualified Inspectors
Article 31: Sampling Procedures
Article 32: Test requirements
Article 33: Appeal Process
Article 34: Cost Inspection
Chapter VI Legal Liability
Article 36: Producer/Seller Layer & Free Space Liability
Article 37> Producer/Seller Cost Liability
Article 38: Seller Liability
Article 39: Violation
Article 40: Seller tampering with packaging
Article 41: Administrative Liability
Chapter VII Supplementary Provisions
Article 42: Definitions
English Text: National Standard: Restricting Excessive Packaging for Foods & Cosmetics
About this document
Requirements of restricting excessive package for foods and cosmetics
2: Normative documents for reference
3: Terms and definitions
3.1 Excessive package
3.2 Original package
3.3 Package layers
3.4 Interspace ratio
4.1 Basic requirements
4.2 Restrictive Requirements
Table 1: Restrictive Index
5 Calculation methods for restrictive indexes
Appendix A: Calculation methods for interspace ratio
Appendix B: Calculation methods for packaging layers
Appendix C: Calculation methods for the ratio between packaging cost and sales price
|Full Text: English
||Full Text: Chinese
About the Author
As Publisher of PackWebasia.com, Stuart Hoggard has over 15 years experience of the Asian packaging sector he has written extensively on the topic of packaging and sustainability.
Stuart is President of International Packaging Press Organisation (IPPO) .
He was guest speaker at the US Sustainable Packaging Coalition conference in San Francisco in March 2008, the Thai Ministry of Industrial Development conference on Environmental Packaging in April 2008, and addressed the Tokyo International Packaging Symposium on Sustainability in Asia organized by the Japan Packaging Institute in October 2008.
He has been a judge at many Asian Packaging Federation packaging awards - Asia Star, and at the World Packaging Organization World Star judging in Tokyo in 2000.
He consults with companies looking to develop their Asian market presence in the packaging sector; his clients include Pira, Apple Computers, Hewlett Packard, Mayr Mienhof cartons among others.
He has written extensively on the topic of sustainability, and is the author of several reports:
- China’s Packaging Recycling Master Plan: Analysis of the Method for Administration of Recycling Packaging Materials.
- Packaging Drivers in Japan
Zen and the Technology of Japanese Packaging Design
- Sustainability Trends in Japan
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